French: Perdrix à tête noire German: Schwarzkopf-Steinhuhn Spanish: Perdiz árabe
mountains near Jedda, Saudi Arabia
Subspecies and Distribution
A. m. melanocephala
(Rüppell, 1835) – S Arabia from Jedda (W Saudi Arabia) S to W & C Yemen, and W Oman (E to Dhofar); apparently isolated population in Jabal Akhdar region, near Muscat (NE Oman), speculated to have been introduced. Recently reported from near Madinah (N Hejaz, CW Saudi Arabia), a considerable range extension. Recent records from Jabal Hafit (Oman–United Arab Emirates border) perhaps involved escapes#R.
A. m. guichardi
(R. Meinertzhagen, 1951) – E Hadramut, in E Yemen.
39–43 cm; male c. 724 g, female c. 522 g. Differs from other Alectoris including partially sympatric (but mainly elevationally parapatric) A. philbyi... read more
Considered to be generally louder and deeper than other Alectoris: most commonly gives a... read more
Stony and somewhat better-vegetated ground in hills, mountains and upland plains, from near sea-... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on vegetable matter, seeds and invertebrates. Crops contained the grass Schismus barbatus and the herb Gnaphalium... read more
Lays late Mar–May in Arabia (pairs form from Feb), but chicks reported Apr–Nov (mostly Jun–Sept); formerly Jul–Aug... read more
No information available, but presumably sedentary. Escapes potential predators by running uphill. read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: safe. Overall population speculated to number 400,000 pairs. Locally common in Saudi Arabia with highest densities in... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!