Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Araguaia Spinetail (Synallaxis simoni)


French: Synallaxe de Simon German: Zimtrücken-Dickichtschlüpfer Spanish: Piují del Araguaia

Synallaxis simoni


, 1907,

Rio Araguaya, Goiás, Brazil


Usually considered conspecific with S. albilora, but differs in its bright rufous (concolorous with wings) vs ochreish-brown mantle and back (3); more extensive white on throat and belly with generally paler tan underparts (2); and song with fewer notes (2), none upslurred (2) and the downslurred note longer (ns[1])#R. Monotypic.


C Brazil (extreme SE Pará#R, W Tocantins, NE Mato Grosso and W Goiás, along R Araguaia).

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm. Adult differs from formerly conspecific S. albilora in having most of upperparts including flight-feathers uniform cinnamon-rufous, mostly white underparts... read more


Song differs from that of S. albilora in having fewer notes, none of which are upslurred... read more


Typically found very close to water in the undergrowth of gallery forest and riparian woodland and... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known, but presumably rather similar to S. albilora. Like the latter species, typically forages in pairs, often among... read more


Almost nothing known, but constructs a retort-shaped nest of dry twigs, with lateral access tunnel, generally very similar to those of... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). However, the species is listed as Vulnerable under Brazilian law. Fairly common within its restricted range, estimated at just 21,200... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Araguaia Spinetail (Synallaxis simoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).