Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Arrowhead Warbler (Setophaga pharetra)


French: Paruline de Jamaïque German: Strichelwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita jamaicana

Sylvicola pharetra


, 1847,

Bluefields Peak, Jamaica


Sister to S. angelae, with both these species being sister to S. plumbea#R. Monotypic.



Descriptive notes

12·5–13 cm; 9·1–10·5 g. Has head and upperparts streaked black and white, upperwing darker, greater and median coverts tipped white (two... read more


Song a series of high-pitched and squeaky notes, can be transcribed as “sww-sw-swee-sww-sw-... read more


Breeds in humid montane forest; found also in lowland humid forest outside breeding season.

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects. Forages by gleaning at all levels on branches, leaves and vines.


Laying mainly in Mar–Jun, sometimes in Nov following Oct rains. Nest a compact cup of fine roots, lined with moss and lichen, well... read more


Sedentary; some limited altitudinal movement, birds descending to lower elevations outside breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Jamaica EBA. Locally common throughout its limited range. No population estimates available.

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Arrowhead Warbler (Setophaga pharetra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 July 2019).