Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)


Ash-browed Spinetail (Cranioleuca curtata)


French: Synallaxe à sourcils gris German: Graubrauen-Baumschlüpfer Spanish: Curutié cejigrís

Synallaxis curtata

P. L. Sclater

, 1870,



Has been considered conspecific with C. demissa by some authors, but recent genetic analysis#R shows present species is closest to C. antisiensis and C. baroni (which see). Race cisandina was formerly considered a separate species; named taxon furcata, described from N Peru as a separate species, has been shown to be referable to immature plumage of cisandina, of which it is a junior synonym#R; proposed race griseipectus (E Ecuador) indistinguishable from cisandina. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. curtata (P. L. Sclater, 1870) – E Andes of Colombia (W slope from SE Santander S to Huila).
  • C. c. cisandina (Taczanowski, 1882) – E Andes of S Colombia (S from W Caquetá), E Ecuador and N Peru (S at least to Pasco).
  • C. c. debilis (Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1906) – Andes from C Peru (S from Ayacucho and Cuzco) S to C Bolivia (S to W Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    14–15 cm; 14–21 g. Rather dark Cranioleuca. Nominate race has variable pale supercilium, from almost whitish and conspicuous to dingy grey and obscure;... read more


    Song a high-pitched, accelerating, descending and fading series of shrill notes with bouncing-ball... read more


    Montane evergreen forest and humid lower montane forest; mainly 900–1700 m, locally down to... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods. Forages singly or in pairs, usually in mixed-species flocks, from mid-storey to canopy. Hitches along small branches,... read more


    Fledgling in Mar in N Ecuador. No other information.



    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Uncommon to fairly common; frequently overlooked, and possibly more common. No population estimates. Until recently, not considered of conservation concern.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Ash-browed Spinetail (Cranioleuca curtata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).