French: Caille peinte German: Zwergwachtel Spanish: Codorniz china
Other common names:
China and the Philippines = Nanking (Nanjing), China
Subspecies and Distribution
S. c. chinensis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – India and Sri Lanka E through Indochina to SE China (N to Fujian and Shandong) and Taiwan, and S to Malay Peninsula.
S. c. trinkutensis
(Richmond, 1902) – Nicobar Is (Nancowry and Car Nicobar subgroups); said to occur also in Andaman Is (race unspecified).
S. c. palmeri
(Riley, 1919) – Sumatra and Java.
S. c. lineatus
(Scopoli, 1786) – Philippines, Borneo and Sulawesi (including Togian Is).
S. c. lineatulus
(Rensch, 1931) – W & C Lesser Sundas (Lombok E to Timor).
S. c. novaeguineae
(Rand, 1941) – mountains of New Guinea (E to Central Highlands).
S. c. papuensis
(Mayr & Rand, 1936) – SC & SE New Guinea (E from Trans-Fly).
S. c. lepidus
(Hartlaub, 1879) – Bismarck Archipelago (except islands in extreme N).
S. c. colletti
(Mathews, 1912) – Western Australia (Kimberley) and N Northern Territory (Arnhem Land).
S. c. victoriae
(Mathews, 1912) – E Australia.
12–15 cm; 20–57 g; wingspan c. 25 cm. Male very distinctive, differs from similar S. adansonii in chestnut belly and lack of chestnut wing patch. Female... read more
Advertisement call of male, which is usually given at dusk but both day and night during breeding... read more
Dense and swampy grassland, shrubland, swamp edges, cultivation (e.g. paddyfields) with unkept... read more
Food and feeding
Apparently mainly grass seeds, green blades and some small insects (especially termites), both adults and larvae. Forages on the ground,... read more
Season probably related to rainfall patterns, with eggs reported as follows: Sept–Jan in S Australia; Jan–May in N Australia;... read more
In India, nomadic or migratory, for breeding moving to areas where rains have ended. Recorded W to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Few detailed data available. Very widespread, but little recorded in most parts of range, although considered common in Malaysia. In... read more
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