French: Irène vierge German: Türkisfeenvogel Spanish: Irena común
Travancore, southern Kerala, India
Subspecies and Distribution
I. p. puella
(Latham, 1790) – SW, S & NE Indian Subcontinent E to extreme S China (S Yunnan), S in continental SE Asia to N Malay Peninsula and S Vietnam.
I. p. andamanica
Abdulali, 1964 – Andaman Is; unconfirmed on Nicobar Is#R.
I. p. malayensis
F. Moore, 1854 – S Malay Peninsula.
I. p. crinigera#R
Sharpe, 1877 – Sumatra (including islands off W coast), Bangka, Belitung and Borneo.
I. p. turcosa
Walden, 1870 – Java.
21·2–25·8 cm; male 56·6–75·7 g, female 52–71·2 g (malayensis). Strongly dichromatic. Adult male nominate race... read more
Various liquid, whistling monosyllabic and disyllabic contact calls, strident and carrying:... read more
Tall tropical to subtropical lowland broadleaf evergreen to semi-evergreen forest, and comparable... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly fruit, ranging from small berries to figs (Ficus), of which 24 species of the latter genus alone are known in the diet... read more
Season Jan–Jun, peak Feb–Apr, in Indian Subcontinent; mainly on gonad condition of specimens, Feb–Jun in Peninsular... read more
Essentially resident. Said to be a seasonal (winter) visitor to Coorg Plateau, in Western Ghats (SW... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). More or less common through most of its extensive range; only locally uncommon or rare, although reckoned to be generally on the... read more
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