Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis)


French: Stourne bronzé German: Malaienstar Spanish: Estornino bronceado

Muscicapa (panayensis)


, 1786,

nova Guiana; error = Philippines


Many races defined primarily according to size differences based on small samples, and require reassessment; some doubtfully distinct, e.g. leptorrhyncha perhaps better merged with pachistorhina, as done by some recent authors#R. Fourteen subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. p. affinis (Blyth, 1846) – NE India (S Assam), Bangladesh and SW Myanmar.
  • A. p. tytleri (A. O. Hume, 1873) – Coco Is (off S Myanmar), Andaman Is, and N Nicobars (Car Nicobar).
  • A. p. albiris Abdulali, 1967 – C & S Nicobars.
  • A. p. strigata (Horsfield, 1821) – S Myanmar (Tenasserim), S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra (including most satellites), Java and W Borneo.
  • A. p. altirostris (Salvadori, 1887) – Simeulue, Banyak Is and Nias I (off NW Sumatra).
  • A. p. leptorrhyncha Stresemann, 1913 – Pini I, in N Batu Is (off W Sumatra).
  • A. p. pachistorhina (Oberholser, 1912) – Batu Is (except Pini) and Mentawai Is (off W Sumatra).
  • A. p. enganensis (Salvadori, 1892) – Enggano I, off SW Sumatra.
  • A. p. heterochlora (Oberholser, 1917) – Anamba Is and Natuna Is, between Malay Peninsula and Borneo.
  • A. p. panayensis (Scopoli, 1786) – Philippine Is and N Sulawesi.
  • A. p. sanghirensis (Salvadori, 1876) – Talaud Is and islands of Sangihe, Siau, Ruang, Tahulandang and Biaro (off NE tip of Sulawesi).
  • A. p. eustathis (Oberholser, 1926) – E Borneo.
  • A. p. alipodis (Oberholser, 1926) – Panjang, Maratau and Derawan, off E Borneo.
  • A. p. gusti Stresemann, 1913 – Bali.
  • Descriptive notes

    17–20 cm; 50–60·5 g. Medium-sized starling with forehead feathers bristly and throat feathers lanceolate. Nominate race is black with greenish to oily... read more


    Calls have a metallic quality; repeated "tsuu tsuu" call, also shrill "tseeu"... read more


    Forest, forest edge and clearings, secondary growth, mangroves and coastal vegetation, also gardens... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet mainly fruit; also nectar, insects, spiders (Araneae), and snails (Hemiplecta). Fruits recorded in diet include, among others... read more


    Breeds Feb–Apr in NE India, Apr in Andamans and Nicobars, Mar–Jun in Myanmar, Jan–Aug in Peninsular Malaysia, Jan–... read more


    Chiefly resident, with some local movements. Apparently a partial migrant in NE Indian Subcontinent... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Widespread, and common to locally very common throughout most of extensive range. Despite hunting and trapping for food in Philippines, still common... read more

    Recommended citation

    Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2020). Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).