Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Vulnerable

Auckland Rail (Lewinia muelleri)


Taxonomy

French: Râle des Auckland German: Aucklandralle Spanish: Rascón de las Auckland
Taxonomy:

Rallus muelleri

Rothschild

, 1893,

Auckland Island

.

Sometimes placed in genus Dryolimnas. Closely related to L. mirifica and L. pectoralis; on occasion regarded as race of L. pectoralis, but differs in its much smaller wing (score estimated at 3); much reduced streaking on crown and hindneck (2); upperparts with sparser, narrower streaking (1); barring on upperwing-coverts reduced (1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Distribution:

Aucklands Is (Disappointment I and Adams I), S of New Zealand.

Descriptive notes

17–18 cm; 1 female 63g, 4 adults 89–100 (93) g, 1 juvenile 63 g. Sexes similar, but may differ in extent of rufous on head and neck, with female possibly duller,... read more

Voice

Commonest calls a loud descending “crek” repeated at 1 per second, and a loud, sharp, whistle-like... read more

Habitat

Frequents herbaceous vegetation on damp to wet, flat to steeply sloping ground with clear areas at... read more

Food and feeding

Little information, but food and foraging methods probably very similar to those of L. pectoralis. Once seen foraging at a rubbish... read more

Breeding

Season probably Oct–Dec. Probably monogamous and territorial. Two nests described: both in wetlands, in tussocks of Carex... read more

Movements

Probably none, but observations difficult. Can fly but apparently does so only infrequently.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Probably eliminated on Auckland I by feral cats and/or pigs in 1860s, and thought to be extinct on other islands until a population of several hundred was... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Auckland Rail (Lewinia muelleri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53630 on 15 November 2019).