French: Oriole d’Audubon German: Schwarzkopftrupial Spanish: Turpial de Audubon
Subspecies and Distribution
I. g. audubonii
Giraud, 1841 – S USA (S Texas) and NE Mexico (Nuevo León and Tamaulipas; perhaps also N Coahuila#R).
I. g. graduacauda
Lesson, 1839 – Audubon's Oriole – E Mexico (San Luis Potosí, S Tamaulipas and NW Veracruz).
I. g. nayaritensis
van Rossem, 1938 – W Mexico (Nayarit and W Jalisco).
I. g. dickeyae
van Rossem, 1938 – Dickey's Oriole – S Guerrero and Oaxaca (Sierra Madre), possibly also Chiapas, in S Mexico.
21·5–24 cm; 31–52 g, male average 47 g, female average 45·7 g. Male nominate race has head to upper breast black, upperparts olivaceous yellow;... read more
Song, by both sexes, a slow series of whistles and warbles, with rich harmonics, the notes rather... read more
Occupies many habitats, including humid evergreen forest, semi-deciduous forest, cloudforest, pine... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, possibly small vertebrates, also seeds, fruits and nectar. Insects include adult and larval beetles (... read more
Season Apr–Jun in USA (Texas) and Apr–Sept in Mexico; probably two or three broods per season. Probably monogamous. Breeds as isolated... read more
Apparently sedentary; probably some altitudinal movement in highlands.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Classified as “Rare” in the USA (Yellow WatchList priority species for conservation). Uncommon to rare in USA; uncommon to locally fairly... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!