Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Vulnerable

Austral Rail (Rallus antarcticus)


Taxonomy

French: Râle austral German: Magellanralle Spanish: Rascón pidén
Taxonomy:

Rallus Antarcticus

P. P. King

, 1828,

Straits of Magellan

.

Sometimes regarded as conspecific with R. limicola and/or particularly R. semiplumbeus (but for latter see above). Monotypic.

Distribution:

S Chile (Magallanes) and patchily S Argentina (Río Negro to Santa Cruz)#R#R; recently recorded in Falkland Is#R.

Descriptive notes

20 cm. In fresh plumage, breast and sides washed olive brown. Sexes alike. Similar to R. semiplumbeus but smaller, with sandy buff (not brown) edges to dorsal... read more

Voice

Most common vocalization is a series of high-pitched notes "pee", "peeree",... read more

Habitat

Wet fields, rushy parts of meadows, rushy lake shores and reedbeds, mostly adjacent to coast. In... read more

Food and feeding

One stomach contained caddisflies (Limnophilus meridionalis, Trichoptera). Birds wintering in a garden fed on grubs found... read more

Breeding

Chile, Oct, possibly Nov; Argentina, possibly Nov; probably breeds throughout its range, but data lacking. Only definite nest was recorded... read more

Movements

Northward post-breeding migration may occur, at least in southernmost populations, Mar–Apr.... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. There were only three records between 1900 and 1998, when rediscovered in Santa Cruz province, Argentina. Previously considered Critically Endangered, it was... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B., Boesman, P., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Austral Rail (Rallus antarcticus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53624 on 15 December 2019).