French: Pipit austral German: Australspornpieper Spanish: Bisbita neozelandés
Alauda novae Seelandiae
J. F. Gmelin
Queen Charlotte’s Sound, South Island, New Zealand
Subspecies and Distribution
A. n. exiguus
Greenway, 1935 – EC New Guinea.
A. n. rogersi
Mathews, 1913 – coastal NW Australia E to Cape York Peninsula.
A. n. bilbali
Mathews, 1912 – SW Western Australia and SC South Australia.
A. n. australis
Vieillot, 1818 – Australian Pipit – WC, C, E & SE Australia.
A. n. bistriatus
(Swainson, 1838) – Tasmania, and islands in Bass Strait (King I, Flinders I).
A. n. novaeseelandiae
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – New Zealand Pipit – New Zealand.
A. n. chathamensis
L. Lorenz von Liburnau, 1902 – Chatham Is.
A. n. aucklandicus
G. R. Gray, 1862 – Auckland Is and Campbell Is#R.
A. n. steindachneri
Reischek, 1889 – Antipodes Is.
17–18 cm. Large, well-built, slender-billed pipit with streaked underparts. Nominate race has narrow white supercilium, dark eyestripe faint in front of eye, broad and... read more
Song, in flight, a short descending trill or a quavering, trilled "tiz-wee-ir". Plaintive... read more
Any open, short grassland, as well as roadsides, coastal dunes and clearings in forest; often on... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, small crabs and other invertebrate prey, and grass seeds. In 80% of 57 gizzards in one study, invertebrates comprised 90% or more... read more
Mainly Aug–Dec, but recorded in all months; may have 2–3 clutches per year. Sings in undulating display-flight. Nest a deep... read more
Largely sedentary or locally nomadic, but some redistribution occurs between the summer and winter... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common to very common. Very common in grasslands in W & SE Australia, where densities of 0·07–0·22... read more
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