New South Wales.
Until recently, considered conspecific with R. benghalensis, but australis is distinct on basis of (in female) throat, lower cheeks, ear-coverts, neck, neck sides and upper breast blackish-brown vs rufous (3); (in female) crownstripe whiter vs buffy (1); (in female) periorbital ring and postocular stripe buffier vs white, but not with complete constancy, so perhaps not diagnostic (ns); (in both sexes) tail spots more rounded (ns); (in both sexes) white spots on rump or uppertail-coverts and in wings (1), this being a feature apparently previously not noted; (in female; from literature, gross differences confirmed by eye) has longer wing (at least 1) and shorter bill (ns) and tarsus (at least 1) (2); male overall coloration paler and greyer vs richer and darker (ns). Recent studies confirm differences in plumage (possibly significant in species’ displays), biometrics and perhaps voice#R, and particularly in DNA#R. Monotypic.
Australia, mainly along E & SE coasts, from N Queensland to S South Australia (Eyre Peninsula).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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