Family Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Least Concern

Australian Raven (Corvus coronoides)


Taxonomy

French: Corbeau d’Australie German: Neuhollandkrähe Spanish: Cuervo australiano
Taxonomy:

Corvus Coronoides

Vigors and Horsfield

, 1827,

Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia

.

See C. tasmanicus (above). Much early confusion over correct specific name of present species; originally called C. australis, but identity and provenance of type specimen were suspect and the name was preoccupied; as a consequence, was named C. marianae, but that is a synonym for the earlier C. coronoides, which takes priority. Recent genetic study#R suggested that races represent two different clades and should be treated as two distinct species. Purported taxon difficilis was based on an aberrant, immature specimen of present species and is invalid. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. perplexus Mathews, 1912 – SW Australia.
  • C. c. coronoides Vigors & Horsfield, 1827 – E & SE Australia, including some major offshore islands (e.g. Kangaroo I, in South Australia).
  • Descriptive notes

    48–54 cm; male 540–820 g, female 500–780 g. Large crow with stout bill, long, lanceolate throat hackles; tapered wings and rather long, slender tail in... read more

    Voice

    Utters series of high-pitched (tenor), slow and wailing caws (with throat hackles held prominently... read more

    Habitat

    All terrestrial habitat types within range, from alpine (2000 m) to littoral and arid, but avoiding... read more

    Food and feeding

    Omnivorous predator and scavenger; strongly carnivorous. Feeds mainly on invertebrates, small birds, eggs, nestlings, small mammals and... read more

    Breeding

    Laying mainly in late winter to spring, mostly early Jul to late Oct (peak early Aug), but occasional breeding records in all other months... read more

    Movements

    Adult breeding pairs sedentary; occasionally short-range excursions of up to 5 km beyond... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Abundant and widespread. Pair lives in large home range of c. 120 ha. Has increased in range and numbers with spread of agriculture, artificial water... read more

    Recommended citation

    Debus, S. (2017). Australian Raven (Corvus coronoides). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60799 on 18 November 2017).