Carcuata, Yungas, Cochabamba, Bolivia.
See S. albescens. C Peruvian populations may be closer genetically to S. courseni than to geographically distant populations of present species. Races superciliosa and samaipatae formerly treated as representing a separate species, but voice and evidence of introgression suggest they are better included herein. Races elegantior and ochracea possibly indistinguishable from each other, but separated geographically by media; all three, together with fruticicola, sometimes treated as forming a separate species, originally on basis mainly of vocal differences (not confirmed subsequently) and difference in number of rectrices; plumage differences minor. Proposed race carabayae (SE Peru) purportedly darker than nominate, but individual specimens of the two forms found to be indistinguishable. Nine subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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