Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina)


French: Bouvreuil des Açores German: Azorengimpel Spanish: Camachuelo de las Azores

Pyrrhula murina


, 1866,

São Miguel, eastern Azores


Previously considered conspecific with P. pyrrhula, but considerable differences in morphological characters, while genetic data corroborate the split#R. Recent study found that it has same unusual and size-variable sperm morphology as P. pyrrhula, suggesting this is an ancestral trait, having evolved before the two diverged#R. Monotypic.


E São Miguel, in E Azores.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; c. 30 g. Medium-large, plump finch with strong, deep bill and short, rounded wings. Male has crown to nape, lores and chin glossy purplish-black, upper­... read more


Call a soft, piping "pew" or "phew". Song a longer and discontinuous series of... read more


Native Azorean laurel forest on steep-sided valleys, and during May–Nov also herbaceous... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes seeds, buds, berries and fruit of at least 37 native plant species, including Prunella vulgaris, Leontodon filii... read more


Poorly known; few nests found. Season May to late Aug; two broods. Displaying partners bill-caress and hold small twigs. Nest a cup of... read more


Resident and locally dispersive. Between Sept and Dec wanders up to 3 km W of breeding range in... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Rare, occurs at only one locality and has a very small range, confined to E end of island of São Miguel, in E Azores. Despite the spread of invasive plant... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P., Christie, D.A. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Azores Bullfinch (Pyrrhula murina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).