Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Azure Gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris)


French: Talève favorite German: Azursultanshuhn Spanish: Calamoncillo celeste

Fulica flavirostris

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,



Formerly listed as P. parvus, but name preoccupied. Sometimes placed in Gallinula or Porphyrula. Monotypic.


E Colombia through CS Venezuela and Trinidad to the Guianas, and S to E Ecuador and N Peru, E across NC Brazil; SE Peru, N Bolivia, W & C Brazil and C Paraguay to extreme N Argentina; also E Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro).

Descriptive notes

23–26 cm; male 92–111 g, female 92–107 g. Smallest Porphyrio, delicately proportioned and markedly different in appearance to congeners; plumage... read more


Usually rather quiet; sometimes utters a short trill.


Freshwater marshes, especially those with fairly deep water and thick cover of marsh grass (e.g.... read more

Food and feeding

Grass seeds, insects (including Hemiptera and Coleoptera) and spiders recorded. Forages in cover and on floating vegetation. Climbs on... read more


Surinam, May–Aug; E Amazonian Brazil, probably May–Jun; Ecuador, oviduct egg Jun; season may extend Mar–Aug, possibly Oct... read more


Highly seasonal in occurrence in parts of range. Present throughout year in much of Amazonia, but... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly regarded as fairly common in some parts of its range, which has been conflictingly regarded as either fragmented or... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Azure Gallinule (Porphyrio flavirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 April 2020).