Family Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Near Threatened

Azure Jay (Cyanocorax coeruleus)


French: Geai azuré German: Azurblaurabe Spanish: Chara cerúlea

Pica cœrulea


, 1818,



Species name hitherto spelt caeruleus, but coeruleus is correct, based on original spelling#R. Monotypic.


S & SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, SE São Paulo), extreme E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes) and NE Uruguay (Cerro Largo).

Descriptive notes

38 cm; 272 g. Small bristly frontal crest formed by long stiffened feathers of forehead; two morphs, differing in blue tone of body plumage. Has forecrown blackish, crown,... read more


Total of 14 basic calls identified in detailed study. Basic calls may grade into intermediate ones... read more


Interior and edges of tropical and subtropical forests; commonly associated with temperate forest,... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds, fruits; also animal items, including beetles (Coleoptera), Formicidae (the ants Labidus praedator and Crematogaster... read more


Nests found Oct–Jan. Social breeder; helpers at nest seen to mob a Roadside Hawk (Rupornis magnirostris). Nest of sticks and... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Locally common to uncommon or rare; declining. Estimated home range of flock large, 30–40 ha. In Paraguay... read more

Recommended citation

dos Anjos, L. (2020). Azure Jay (Cyanocorax coeruleus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).