French: Martin-pêcheur à dos bleu German: Azurzwergfischer Spanish: Martín pescador azur
Norfolk Island; error = New South Wales, Australia
Subspecies and Distribution
C. a. affinis
(G. R. Gray, 1861) – Morotai, Halmahera and Bacan (N Moluccas).
C. a. lessonii
(Cassin, 1850) – W Papuan Is, and lowland S New Guinea E to D’Entrecasteaux Is, also Aru Is.
C. a. ochrogaster
(Reichenow, 1903) – islands in Geelvink Bay, and N New Guinea from Mamberamo R E to Astrolabe Bay, S to Wahgi Valley, also Karkar I and Admiralty Is.
C. a. yamdenae
(Rothschild, 1901) – Romang (E Lesser Sundas) and Tanimbar Is.
C. a. ruficollaris
(Bankier, 1841) – N Australia, from Kimberley E to Cooktown.
C. a. azureus
Latham, 1801 – E & SE Australia, from Cooktown S to Victoria.
C. a. diemenensis
(Gould, 1846) – Tasmania.
18 cm; male 29–32 g, female 31–35 g. Male nominate race rufous loral spot, large white neck patch, deep ultramarine-blue upperparts extending as patch on side of... read more
Short, repeated, high-pitched “pseet” in flight; also continuous high-pitched whistle... read more
Coastal wooded watercourses, estuaries, tidal creeks and lagoons, mangroves, Melaleuca and... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly small fish (Cyprinidae, Salmonidae); also crustaceans (Malacostraca, Parastacidae), and water beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (... read more
Lays in Sept–Apr in N Australia, in Aug–Feb in S Australia; double-brooded in SE Australia (Victoria). Territorial, pair... read more
Mainly sedentary, but juveniles disperse varying distances, and some adults wander widely when not... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widely distributed, in a range of habitats; widespread in N, becoming more coastal in S Australia. Some mortality caused by birds colliding with... read more
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