Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Azure-shouldered Tanager (Tangara cyanoptera)


French: Tangara à épaulettes bleues German: Violettschultertangare Spanish: Tangara cianóptera

Saltator cyanopterus


, 1817,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


See T. episcopus; see also T. argentea. Monotypic.


Coastal SE Brazil from SE Bahia, Espírito Santo and E Minas Gerais S, mostly on coastal slopes of Serra do Mar, to N Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

18 cm; 41–46 g. Fairly large, stout-billed tanager with bluish plumage. Has lores dusky, otherwise head and upperparts uniformly grey-blue (more blue than grey), top of... read more


Song rather unlike those of congeners, starts with a soft jumble of notes and ends with several... read more


Humid montane forest, open woodland, second growth and borders; generally much more of a forest-... read more

Food and feeding

Observed to eat fruit of melastomes and palms (Livistona). Limited information somewhat conflicting. Foraging and feeding... read more


Reported as breeding in Oct in Espírito Santo. Clutch 2 eggs, pale blue, sparingly marked all over with small purplish-black spots. No... read more


Not well documented. Probably resident; may be migratory in extreme S of range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Uncommon to locally fairly common. Reports... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. (2020). Azure-shouldered Tanager (Tangara cyanoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).