Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Azure-shouldered Tanager (Tangara cyanoptera)


Taxonomy

French: Tangara à épaulettes bleues German: Violettschultertangare Spanish: Tangara cianóptera
Taxonomy:

Saltator cyanopterus

Vieillot

, 1817,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

.

See T. episcopus; see also T. argentea. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Coastal SE Brazil from SE Bahia, Espírito Santo and E Minas Gerais S, mostly on coastal slopes of Serra do Mar, to N Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

18 cm; 41–46 g. Fairly large, stout-billed tanager with bluish plumage. Has lores dusky, otherwise head and upperparts uniformly grey-blue (more blue than grey), top of crown... read more

Voice

Song rather unlike those of congeners, starts with a soft jumble of notes and ends with several... read more

Habitat

Humid montane forest, open woodland, second growth and borders; generally much more of a forest-... read more

Food and feeding

Observed to eat fruit of melastomes and palms (Livistona). Limited information somewhat conflicting. Foraging and feeding... read more

Breeding

Reported as breeding in Oct in Espírito Santo. Clutch 2 eggs, pale blue, sparingly marked all over with small purplish-black spots. No... read more

Movements

Not well documented. Probably resident; may be migratory in extreme S of range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Uncommon to locally fairly common. Reports... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. (2019). Azure-shouldered Tanager (Tangara cyanoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61637 on 19 February 2019).