French: Bruant des pinèdes German: Kiefernammer Spanish: Chingolo de Bachman
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Subspecies and Distribution
P. a. illinoensis
Ridgway, 1879 – EC USA in Arkansas, SE Oklahoma, E Texas and W Louisiana, occasional N to SC Missouri; non-breeding E Texas and along Gulf Coast E to Mississippi R.
P. a. bachmani
(Audubon, 1833) – SE USA from S Kentucky and S Virginia S to S Mississippi, S Alabama and S Georgia; non-breeding in S of range (from Mississippi E to C North Carolina) S to Gulf Coast and C Florida.
P. a. aestivalis
(M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823) – E South Carolina and E Georgia S to S Florida; non-breeding S Georgia and Florida.
12–16 cm; 18·4–22·6 g. Medium-sized sparrow with relatively large bill, flat head, and long, rounded tail. Nominate race has thin buffy-grey median... read more
Song, sometimes in short aerial display, highly variable but distinctive, generally consists of a... read more
Lowland pine (Pinus) savanna, particularly mature, open pine forest with fairly rank... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on grass seeds (e.g. Panicum), also on insects, primarily beetles (Coleoptera) and lepidopteran larvae; young fed mostly... read more
Season mid-Apr through Sept; often double-brooded. Monogamous; apparently pairs relatively quickly after arrival on breeding grounds, but... read more
Migration poorly known, as species becomes difficult to see when not singing. N populations... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Classified as “Highest Concern” in the USA (Red WatchList priority species for conservation).... read more
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