Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Bachman's Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii)


French: Paruline de Bachman German: Gelbstirn-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Bachman

Sylvia Bachmanii


, 1833,

“a few miles from Charleston, South Carolina”


Probably sister to pairing of V. chrysoptera and V. cyanoptera. Monotypic.


SE USA (from Mississippi drainage E to Virginia and S to Alabama) but last confirmed record in 1962 (near Charleston, South Carolina)#R; recorded in winter in Cuba and (presumably) I of Pines. Possibly extinct.

Descriptive notes

12 cm; no data on body mass. Male had black forecrown and bib; yellow forehead, chin, lower breast and belly; whitish lower belly; greyish or olive-grey nape; yellow eyering... read more


Two extant recordings, one made in Virginia in 1954, the other in South Carolina in 1958. Song a... read more


On the breeding grounds, old-growth stands of bottomland hardwoods with dense understorey, swamps... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Primarily insects and other small invertebrates year-round (especially caterpillars and spiders), the birds perhaps... read more


Egg-laying mostly in Apr and May; no documented cases of double brooding. Nest constructed mostly or solely by female, a compact cup of... read more


Few data. Most of population thought to have left breeding grounds in Jul or Aug to winter in Cuba... read more

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Two possible scenarios have been proposed for population trajectories in 1830–1985. First, if published reports accurately... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Bachman's Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).