Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Bahama Hummingbird (Nesophlox evelynae)


French: Colibri des Bahamas German: Bahamasternkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de las Bahamas

Trochilus Evelynæ


, 1847,

Nassau, New Providence Island, Bahamas


Sometimes separated, along with Calliphlox bryantae and Calliphlox mitchellii, in genus Philodice; in older works also separated in Nesophlox, alone or occasionally with Calliphlox bryantae. Has been demonstrated that present species is sister to genus Mellisuga#R and that it and N. lyrura fall within a clade that also includes Mellisuga and Archilochus#R. Until recently considered conspecific with N. lyrura. Proposed race salita, from Caicos Is, not separable from nominate. Monotypic.


Bahamas (except Inagua) and Caicos Is.

Descriptive notes

7·8–8·2 cm; 2·5–3·3 g. Male has short, slightly decurved black bill; back iridescent green; small postocular white spot, chin and throat glittering violet-purple, breast... read more


Song is a rhythmic “prítitidee, prítitidee, prítitidee”, while also gives a sharp “tit, titit, tit... read more


Occurs in all island habitats: coastal range to pine forests, gardens and parks.

Food and feeding

Nectar of flowering shrubs, vines and trees (native and introduced), including Russelia, Leonotis, Ipomea, ... read more


Nests year-round, perhaps mainly in Jan–Apr, but females have been observed in all stages of breeding activity, including nestbuilding,... read more


Generally considered sedentary, but there are four records of either this species or until recently... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Bahamas EBA. Common resident throughout range, with densities of at least 12–15... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L., Kirwan, G.M. & de Juana, E. (2020). Bahama Hummingbird (Nesophlox evelynae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).