Family Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Critically Endangered

Bahama Nuthatch (Sitta insularis)


French: Sittelle des Bahamas German: Bahamakleiber Spanish: Trepador de las Bahamas

Sitta pusilla insularis

J. Bond

, 1931,

High Rock Settlement, Grand Bahama


Until recently considered conspecific with S. pusilla, but differs in its darker brown facial stripe (1); much longer bill (at least 2); considerably shorter wings (at least 1); and unique call, a rapid high “warble”, which is apparently the principal vocalization#R (3)#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Bahamas (Grand Bahama).

Descriptive notes

c. 10·5 cm; 9·8–10·1 g. Small nuthatch with brown crown, bluish-grey upperparts, white patch on hindneck and dull whitish underparts with tinge of... read more


A short swallow-like warble.


Mature Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) forests. Favours pure stands of pines over other... read more

Food and feeding

Forages primarily for insects and other invertebrates by climbing up and down trunks of pines, often working upside-down; feeds alone or in... read more


Very few data. A nest was found in Apr. Juveniles have been collected in Jan, Feb and Jun, with juveniles exhibiting food-begging behaviour... read more


Presumably largely sedentary.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: found only in Bahamas EBA. Confined to Grand Bahama (Bahama Is), where rare with few recent records. Fairly common in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Sharpe, C.J. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Bahama Nuthatch (Sitta insularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 May 2019).