Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Critically Endangered

Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi)


French: Oriole des Bahamas German: Bahamatrupial Spanish: Turpial de las Bahamas

Icterus northropi

J. A. Allen

, 1890,

Andros Island, Bahamas


Often treated as conspecific with I. melanopsis, I. dominicensis and I. portoricensis, but morphological and behavioural studies suggest that all of these merit species rank. Present species closely related to I. melanopsis, and sequence divergence in mitochondrial DNA between them slight (0.7%), but differs in plumage and is more clearly sexually dichromatic, whereas I. dominicensis and I. portoricensis are not especially close genetically either to each other or the other two species#R. Monotypic.


Andros, in Bahamas; formerly also Great Abaco.

Descriptive notes

c. 20–22 cm. Male is mostly black, including head to upper breast and back, wing and tail; rump, lesser and median upper­wing-coverts (epaulet), under­parts... read more


Song lasts c. 2·4 seconds, comprises 6–11 emphatic whistles.


Pine (Pinus caribaea) and broadleaf woodlands, gardens; often found near palms. Favours... read more

Food and feeding

No information. Probably feeds on arthropods, fruit and nectar.


Season mainly Feb–Jul. Pensile nest bag of plant fibres, mostly palm fibres, often attached (stitched) to underside of palm frond, or... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species, endemic to Andros I group and present in Bahamas Endemic Bird Area. Rare and declining. Not seen on Abaco since early 1990s,... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Bahama Oriole (Icterus northropi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).