Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Endangered

Bahama Swallow (Tachycineta cyaneoviridis)


Taxonomy

French: Hirondelle des Bahamas German: Bahamaschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina de las Bahamas
Taxonomy:

Hirundo cyaneoviridis

H. Bryant

, 1859,

New Providence, Bahama Islands

.

Has sometimes been separated in monotypic Callichelidon; but DNA studies#R#R indicate close relationship with T. thalassina and T. euchrysea. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Bahamas (islands of Grand Bahama, Great Abaco and Andros, possibly also New Providence); non-breeding also farther S, although rare in Cuba#R.

Descriptive notes

13·5–15 cm; 16·3–19·5 g. Male has forehead to back green, rump bluish-green; wings and tail blue, tail strongly forked; underparts and... read more

Voice

A metallic “chep” or “chi-chep” call has been recorded.

Habitat

Caribbean pine (Pinus caribaea) forest; also around human habitations. Forages in open... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes flies (Diptera) and beetles (Coleoptera). Feeds both low over ground and high up, often gliding. Forms small flocks.

Breeding

Late Apr–Jul; usually single brood but, of 12 nests, at least one and possibly three were second broods. Solitary or in groups; nests... read more

Movements

After breeding, spreads throughout Bahamas and S to E Cuba, some irregularly W to S Florida,... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously listed as Vulnerable. Restricted-range species: present in Bahamas EBA. Population estimated at 4800 individuals; decreasing. Range small and... read more

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2018). Bahama Swallow (Tachycineta cyaneoviridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57703 on 15 December 2018).