Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Bahia Wagtail-tyrant (Stigmatura bahiae)


French: Calandrite du Bahia German: Bahiastelzentyrann Spanish: Rabicano de Bahía

Stigmatura budytoides bahiæ


, 1926,

Juazeiro, northern Bahia, Brazil


Recently split from S. napensis on grounds of geographical distance, minor plumage differences, and a song description which did not, however, involve a comparison#R. Differs in its pale warm brown vs pale grey-olive upperparts (2); cream vs pale yellow below (1); shorter tail (effect size −1.14, score 1); much more terrestrial habit (1); and song a brief scratchy jumble ending in rapid rattle vs accelerating rattle (“bouncing-ball” series) (2) with long initial notes (2)#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

NE Brazil (Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte S to C Bahia).

Descriptive notes

13 cm; 8·3–8·6 g. Distinctive tyrannid with narrow pale yellow supercilium from bill to behind eye, warm brownish upperparts, wings dusky, with broad longitudinal wing patch... read more


Vocalizations generally similar to those of S. napensis but differ in that the descending... read more


Usually found in dense, brushy, low-stature caatinga vegetation, only rarely in more open... read more

Food and feeding

Diet basically unknown, but presumably largely or entirely insectivorous. Behaviour very similar to S. napensis, but seems to more... read more


Nothing published concerning seasonality, but eggs in late Aug and nestlings in early Sept in Alagoas, with tiny nestlings in early Jan in... read more


None known.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Endemic to the Caatinga biome, where reasonably common in suitable habitat, albeit true status might require some clarification due... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Bahia Wagtail-tyrant (Stigmatura bahiae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 January 2020).