Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Near Threatened

Baird's Trogon (Trogon bairdii)


French: Trogon de Baird German: Bairdtrogon Spanish: Trogón de Baird

Trogon bairdii


, 1868,

San Mateo, Costa Rica


Sometimes considered conspecific with T. viridis (and T. chionurus); genetic data indicate that these two form a sister-group to T. melanocephalus and T. citreolus#R. Sometimes considered conspecific with T. chionurus alone; habits and vocalizations rather similar, differs in pinkish-red vs yellow belly in both sexes (3); undertail (three outer rectrices) of female black with narrow bars vs thickly barred black and white with long white tips (3); and barring of wing-coverts in female bolder and more widely spaced (2). Monotypic.


Pacific slope of Costa Rica (N to around Río Grande de Tárcoles) and adjacent SW Panama (W Chiriquí).

Descriptive notes

25–28 cm; 94–95 g. Male has light blue bill and orbital ring; head to mid-breast bluish-black, mid-breast to undertail-coverts deep bright red; upperparts... read more


A series of barking notes, first level, then accelerating and falling abruptly, sometimes... read more


Canopy of humid rainforest; sometimes venturing into forest edge, upper understorey, shrubby... read more

Food and feeding

Fruit, also insects, including large hairy caterpillars; once a small lizard. Large green insects and larvae brought to young, once a large... read more


Apr–Aug. Nest a rounded unlined chamber with ascending tunnel, 2–15 m up in large decaying trunk in forest or adjacent clearing... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in South Central American Pacific Slope EBA. Fairly common in Costa Rica,... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Baird's Trogon (Trogon bairdii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 July 2019).