Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Near Threatened

Baird's Trogon (Trogon bairdii)


Taxonomy

French: Trogon de Baird German: Bairdtrogon Spanish: Trogón de Baird
Taxonomy:

Trogon bairdii

Lawrence

, 1868,

San Mateo, Costa Rica

.

Sometimes considered conspecific with T. viridis (and T. chionurus); genetic data indicate that these two form a sister-group to T. melanocephalus and T. citreolus#R. Sometimes considered conspecific with T. chionurus alone; habits and vocalizations rather similar, differs in pinkish-red vs yellow belly in both sexes (3); undertail (three outer rectrices) of female black with narrow bars vs thickly barred black and white with long white tips (3); and barring of wing-coverts in female bolder and more widely spaced (2). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Pacific slope of Costa Rica (N to around Río Grande de Tárcoles) and adjacent SW Panama (W Chiriquí).

Descriptive notes

25–28 cm; 94–95 g. Male has light blue bill and orbital ring; head to mid-breast bluish-black, mid-breast to undertail-coverts deep bright red; upperparts... read more

Voice

A series of barking notes, first level, then accelerating and falling abruptly, sometimes... read more

Habitat

Canopy of humid rainforest; sometimes venturing into forest edge, upper understorey, shrubby... read more

Food and feeding

Fruit, also insects, including large hairy caterpillars; once a small lizard. Large green insects and larvae brought to young, once a large... read more

Breeding

Apr–Aug. Nest a rounded unlined chamber with ascending tunnel, 2–15 m up in large decaying trunk in forest or adjacent clearing... read more

Movements

Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in South Central American Pacific Slope EBA. Fairly common in Costa Rica,... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Baird's Trogon (Trogon bairdii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55698 on 18 July 2019).