French: Pygargue à tête blanche German: Weißkopf-Seeadler Spanish: Pigargo americano
America, Europe = South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
H. l. washingtoniensis
(Audubon, 1827) – Aleutian Is, Alaska and Canada E to Labrador and Nova Scotia, S in USA to Oregon, Utah, C Kansas and Illinois; inland Alaskan and Canadian populations winter from coastal Alaska and Canada S to USA and Mexico.
H. l. leucocephalus
(Linnaeus, 1766) – S USA (California, Arizona E to Virginia and Florida) S to NW Mexico (Baja California and Sonora).
70–96 cm; male 3200–5200 g, female 4000–6200 g; wingspan 180–237 cm (washingtoniensis). Adult dark brown with white head and tail.... read more
Most highly vocal when breeding, but also calls when in groups outside nesting season. Calls are... read more
Generally prefers areas fringing water over considerable distance, e.g. coasts, estuaries, riparian... read more
Food and feeding
Great variation: carrion (especially in winter), fish, birds, mammals, reptiles, invertebrates and garbage. In summer, largely fish and... read more
Oct–Apr in S; Apr–Aug in N. Solitary; often aggregated, with small territories (20 ha). Nest location varied, depending on... read more
In N: many resident on coast, and often large groups in coastal Alaska and British Columbia; inland... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES I. Complex situation: N populations not threatened and locally abundant, e.g. in coastal Alaska and British Columbia; but in... read more
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