Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Near Threatened

Band-bellied Crake (Zapornia paykullii)


French: Marouette mandarin German: Mandarinsumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela mandarina

Rallus Paykullii


, 1813,

Banjarmasin, Borneo, and Jakarta, Java


Sometimes placed in expanded genus Porzana or in Rallina; further study of relationships required. Proposed form Amaurornis boineti is a synonym of present species. Monotypic.


Russian Far East (SW Amurland and S Ussuriland), NE China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning to Hebei and N Henan) and Korea. Winters in SE Asia, Sumatra, Java and Borneo. One alleged specimen from S Philippines (Basilan) is referable to Rallina fasciata.

Descriptive notes

20–22 cm. Sexes similar; in female, dark bars of underparts brown rather than black, and white markings on coverts may be less conspicuous. Outermost primary mottled... read more


Call distinctive: likened to intermittent drumbeats and also to sound of a wooden rattle; uttered... read more


Breeds in lowland marshes and meadows with tussocks, thickets or small trees; also in marshy or... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly crustaceans and insects (including Coleoptera); also seeds. Also recorded feeding on worms and on a dead fish. Forages in damp... read more


In Russian Far East, breeds from late May. Usually solitary; presumed monogamous; sometimes occurs in densely populated colonies. Nests in... read more


Winters in C Thailand, Vietnam (Tonkin and Cochinchina), Peninsular Malaysia, N Sumatra, Java and N... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Very little information available on status and distribution. In past, locally common in USSR, occasional in... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. & Bonan, A. (2019). Band-bellied Crake (Zapornia paykullii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 December 2019).