Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Band-tailed Earthcreeper (Ochetorhynchus phoenicurus)


French: Chilia rougequeue German: Schwarzschwanz-Erdhacker Spanish: Bandurrita patagona

Eremobius phœnicurus


, 1839,

Port Desire, San Julián and Santa Cruz, east coast of Patagonia, Argentina


Previously placed in monotypic Eremobius. See also O. ruficaudus. Monotypic.


SW Argentina (Neuquén and Río Negro S to Santa Cruz) and extreme S Chile (NE Magallanes)#R.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 28–34 g. Small earthcreeper with thin, straight, medium-length bill. Has white supercilium, dark eyestripe, more rufescent auriculars; crown and upper... read more


Song a fast dry trill that sometimes ends with separate sharp “ti” notes; alarm a... read more


Arid lowland scrub and temperate grassland, to 1200 m. Inhabits sparsely vegetated plains, plateaux... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Usually forages solitarily. Probes and gleans for food items in ground, grass clumps, cushion-plants, also in rock crevices. read more


Breeds during austral summer; eggs recorded in Sept and nestlings in Jan. Presumably monogamous. Nest a large oval mass (c. 55 × 30 cm) of... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. Habitat within its range appears to be reasonably secure, with overgrazing probably the only form of anthropogenic... read more

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Band-tailed Earthcreeper (Ochetorhynchus phoenicurus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).