Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga)


French: Engoulevent leucopyge German: Bindenschwanz-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero colibandeado

Caprimulgus leucopygus


, 1825,

wooded shores of the Amazon


Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • N. l. pallida Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1952 – W & C Venezuela and possibly NE Colombia.
  • N. l. leucopyga (Spix, 1825) – E Venezuela to French Guiana and N Brazil.
  • N. l. exigua Friedmann, 1945 – S Venezuela and E Colombia.
  • N. l. latifascia Friedmann, 1945 – extreme S Venezuela (SW Amazonas).
  • N. l. majuscula Pinto & Camargo, 1952 – NE Peru and W & C Brazil S to N & E Bolivia and N Paraguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    16–20 cm; male 23–24 g, female 23–26 g. Sexes similar. Upperparts brown, speckled pale brown, greyish-brown and cinnamon, no nuchal collar; wing-coverts... read more


    Song of male is a treble-noted “gole-kwoik-kwak”; calls include soft, guttural “... read more


    Typically forest and savanna, usually near water: rainforest, gallery forest, forest edges,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes beetles, bugs and ants. Forages in erratic flight, hunting over open country, marshland and riverside vegetation, along... read more


    Poorly known. Breeds Jan to probably Mar in Venezuela and perhaps Guyana; a chick recorded in Oct in N Brazil; tawny down. Eggs whitish,... read more


    None documented. Possibly sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally numerous to fairly common near water in E Colombia; fairly widespread but local in Venezuela; locally common in Amazonian Brazil and widely... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cleere, N. & Bonan, A. (2020). Band-tailed Nighthawk (Nyctiprogne leucopyga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).