Family Avocets, Stilts (Recurvirostridae)

Least Concern

Banded Stilt (Cladorhynchus leucocephalus)


French: Échasse à tête blanche German: Schlammstelzer Spanish: Cigüeñuela pechirroja

Recurvirostra leucocephala


, 1816,

Victoria, Australia




Australia, mainly in S & C inland areas, particularly C Western Australia and South Australia.

Descriptive notes

35–43 cm; 190–260 g; tarsus mean 87 mm in male, and 80 mm in female. Distinctive, predominantly white stilt with mainly black scapulars and upperwing; broad... read more


Gives a soft barking “chowk” or “chowk-uk”, which becomes cacophonous when... read more


Shallow saline or hypersaline waters inland and along coast, including ephemeral saltlakes,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on variety of small crustaceans, as well as aquatic insects, molluscs, fish and vegetable matter. Staple prey are small crustaceans... read more


Not well known, with total of just c. 30 nesting events documented (the first in 1930), as timing is sporadic and dependent on inundations... read more


Dispersive, with movements dependent on rainfall, e.g. bred in extreme SE West Australia following... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Listed as Vulnerable in South Australia, and species’ dependence on spasmodic inland rainfall events and the significant... read more

Recommended citation

Pierce, R.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Banded Stilt (Cladorhynchus leucocephalus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2018).