Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum)


French: Pic minium German: Mennigspecht Spanish: Pito miniado

Picus miniaceus


, 1769,

highlands of Java


Species name sometimes misspelt as mineaceus, and in the past miniatus, but original spelling is miniaceus, now with neuter ending to agree with gender of current genus. Proposed race dayak (from Landak, Borneo) inseparable from malaccense. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. m. perlutum (Kloss, 1918) – S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and peninsular Thailand.
  • C. m. malaccense (Latham, 1790) – Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra (including Bangka and Belitung) and Borneo.
  • C. m. niasense Büttikofer, 1896 – Nias I (off NW Sumatra).
  • C. m. miniaceum (Pennant, 1769) – Java.
  • Descriptive notes

    23–26 cm; 79–105 g. Male has reddish-brown forehead, dull red crown to nape, thin elongated crest feathers yellow at tips; sides of head and neck dark brown,... read more


    Single “keek”; mournful descending “kwee” or “peew” in series of up to seven, as territorial call... read more


    Mainly dense primary (dipterocarp) evergreen forest; also secondary growth, forest edge and open... read more

    Food and feeding

    Ants and their eggs and larvae. Singly or in pairs, unobtrusive; partners may feed close together. Forages at all levels. Searches for food... read more


    Nov–Sept, e.g. in Peninsular Malaysia, excavation recorded Nov to May, active nests from early Jan, and nestlings Feb to late Aug (... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common; rather uncommon in N of range; more frequent in S, common in Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore; rare on... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H., Christie, D.A. & Jutglar, F. (2019). Banded Woodpecker (Chrysophlegma miniaceum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).