Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)


Banggai Scops-owl (Otus mendeni)


French: Petit-duc des Banggai German: Banggai-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de Banggai

Otus manadensis mendeni


, 1939,

Peleng, Banggai Islands


Probably part of a species-group centred on O. manadensis (which see). Until recently treated as conspecific with O. manadensis, but vocally very distinct from it (based on recordings on xeno-canto and AVoCet—where split—subjectively allow 4); published photograph caption#R further describes it as “distinctly smaller… with smaller feet, tarsi feathered nearly to base of toes, and primaries less distinctly banded on outer webs”, while original description refers to greyer, more obsolete and less variegated plumage, thus species status achieved on basis of smaller size (at least 1), greyer, less distinct plumage including reduced wing-barring (at least 1), and less feathering on tarsi (at least 1); for differences from O. sulaensis, see below. Monotypic.


Banggai Is (Peleng, perhaps also Labobo), off E Sulawesi.

Descriptive notes

c. 18 cm; no data on body mass. Small Otus with inconspicuous ear-tufts, yellowish-brown facial disc and whitish supercilium; upperparts brownish, finely speckled... read more


Song a series of drawn-out, plaintive notes, the first note in a series usually of greatest length. read more


In 2009 found to be common in W Peleng in primary forests and degraded woodlands from sea-level to... read more

Food and feeding

No information.


Virtually unknown. An adult with one chick recorded in Nov.


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Known only from Peleng in Banggai and Sula Islands EBA. Global population estimated at 3500–15,000 individuals by BirdLife International, and... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Banggai Scops-owl (Otus mendeni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).