Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus)


French: Martin des berges German: Ufermaina Spanish: Miná ribereño

Turdus ginginianus


, 1790,

Nadia, West Bengal, India




N Indian Subcontinent from C Pakistan and Himalayan foothills E to S Nepal and Assam, S to Sind, NC India (Gujarat, C Maharashtra, S Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, gradually expanding S#R) and W Bangladesh. Introduced to Japan and United Arab Emirates; also reported from Kuwait, Oman and Saudi Arabia.

Descriptive notes

22 cm; 64–76 g. Smallish myna with forehead feathers bristly and directed to mid-line to form short frontal crest; feathers of crown and nape elongate and lanceolate.... read more


Song of male includes low croaks, high-pitched whistles and warbles, also some mimicry. Raucous... read more


Closely associated with man-modified habitats, both agricultural areas and cities. On farmland... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous, diet incorporating animal food, fruit, seeds, and food waste discarded by humans. Animal food includes frog tadpoles, small... read more


Season Mar–Aug, primarily Apr–Jun. Monogamous. Colonial. Generally excavates own tunnel in bank of river, tunnel up to 1 m long... read more


Mainly resident; some seasonal or nomadic movements within range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common. It appears to be gradually spreading into southern India, where recorded in Andhra Pradesh since 2006. An old record... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2020). Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).