Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Bar-tailed Lark (Ammomanes cinctura)


Taxonomy

French: Ammomane élégante German: Sandlerche Spanish: Terrera colinegra
Taxonomy:

Melanocorypha cinctura

Gould

, 1839,

São Tiago, Cape Verde Islands

.

In the past, has been considered conspecific with A. phoenicura. Paler and smaller birds from Chad (Ennedi) and Sudan sometimes separated as race pallens, but appear indistinguishable from arenicolor. Deep genetic (mitochondrial) divergence reported within arenicolor#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. c. cinctura (Gould, 1839) – Cape Verde Is (São Tiago, Maio, Boavista, Sal).
  • A. c. arenicolor (Sundevall, 1850) – Sahara Desert from S & E Morocco E to Libya (Cyrenaica) and Egypt (including Sinai Peninsula) and S, discontinuously, to W & SE Mauritania, WC Mali, C Niger, N & E Chad and C & NE Sudan; also Middle East (S Israel, Jordan, Iraq) and Arabian Peninsula.
  • A. c. zarudnyi E. J. O. Hartert, 1902 – E Iran E to S Afghanistan and S Pakistan.
  • Descriptive notes

    14 cm; 14–23 g. Small, neat, rather plain lark with relatively small and rounded head, short bill, long primary projection (about half length of tertials), relatively... read more

    Voice

    Male song, often in aerial display, short whistles, “see-oo-lee” or “cher-ho-hee... read more

    Habitat

    Most desert-adapted lark of Palearctic. Inhabits mainly deserts with less than 100 mm annual... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, to lesser extent other plant material, and insects. In Cape Verde Is mostly small seeds and grasshoppers (Acrididae); in Western... read more

    Breeding

    Season determined by rainfall; lays Jan–Apr in N Africa, Sept–Jun in Cape Verde Is, depending on dry period; mostly mid-Mar to... read more

    Movements

    Resident; dispersive winter movements in search of less arid areas recorded in N Africa, especially... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Abundance varies widely within rather large but fragmented range. In Cape Verde Is abundant on Sal, Boavista and Maio, rare on Fogo; in Mauritania... read more

    Recommended citation

    de Juana, E. & Suárez, F. (2019). Bar-tailed Lark (Ammomanes cinctura). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57646 on 19 January 2019).