Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Least Concern

Bar-tailed Trogon (Apaloderma vittatum)


French: Trogon à queue barrée German: Bergtrogon Spanish: Trogón montano

Hapaloderma vittatum


, 1882,

Mamboio, Tanzania


Has on occasion been separated in monospecific genus Heterotrogon. Population in W half of Africa sometimes separated subspecifically as camerunense, and birds from Bioko occasionally further separated as francisci, but characters apparently not constant for either of these forms. Monotypic.


Mountains in SE Nigeria, NW Cameroon, Bioko, W Angola (Mt Moco); also Albertine Rift in E DRCongo, W Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, and mountains in Kenya, Tanzania, NE Zambia, Malawi and N Mozambique (Mt Namuli).

Descriptive notes

c. 28–30 cm; 55 g. Male with bill yellow or greenish-yellow; patches of bare skin below eye yellow or orange, above eye yellow or grey; head and throat blue-black with... read more


Territorial call a series of 7–14 sharp, high-pitched “wup” or “uyú... read more


Usually in mid-stratum (4–20 m, but seldom lower than 8 m) of moist montane forest at 900... read more

Food and feeding

Canopy insects, mainly smooth caterpillars, also Orthoptera, moths and beetles. Caterpillars and moths noted as preferred prey in Malawi;... read more


Nov–Jan in Bioko, Oct and Dec–Feb in Cameroon, Feb–May in Zaire, Mar in Uganda, Nov–Feb in Kenya (in and after... read more


Resident, with some vertical displacement in non-breeding season in all parts of range; also other... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Not uncommon on Obudu Plateau, Nigeria; in Cameroon, locally common on Mt Kupé, less so on five other mountains in W highlands; fairly... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2020). Bar-tailed Trogon (Apaloderma vittatum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).