Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Bare-crowned Antbird (Gymnocichla nudiceps)


French: Alapi à tête nue German: Nacktstirn-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero calvo

Myiothera nudiceps


, 1850,

Ciudad de Panamá, Panama


Some races may prove to reflect no more than clinal variation. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. n. chiroleuca P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1869 – Caribbean slope from S Belize, Guatemala and Honduras S to W Panama (Bocas del Toro); reported also from extreme SE Mexico (Yaxchilán)#R.
  • G. n. erratilis Bangs, 1907 – Pacific slope of Costa Rica (Puntarenas, San José) and W Panama (Chiriquí).
  • G. n. nudiceps (Cassin, 1850) – E Panama (E from Coclé and Panamá Province) and Pacific slope in NW Colombia (Chocó, Valle del Cauca).
  • G. n. sanctamartae Ridgway, 1908 – N Colombia (Córdoba and N Antioquia E to Magdalena and S Cesar, also extreme E La Guajira).
  • Descriptive notes

    15–16 cm; 28–33 g. Male nominate race is black, except forehead, forecrown, lores and ocular region unfeathered, skin bright blue; small white interscapular patch... read more


    Loudsong a countable, variable-length series (e.g. 11 notes, 3·5 seconds) of ringing... read more


    Understorey of lowland and foothill evergreen-forest borders, adjacent tall second growth, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little published. Feeds on variety of insects and spiders, probably also other arthropods; also small reptiles. Recorded prey include... read more


    Little known. Nest found in Apr in Costa Rica (details previously unpublished): domed, constructed from finely woven twigs on inside,... read more


    Presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon to locally fairly common throughout most of its range; particular centres of abundance include the Rio Frio and Lago Arenal... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Bare-crowned Antbird (Gymnocichla nudiceps). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).