Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)


Bare-faced Curassow (Crax fasciolata)


French: Hocco à face nue German: Nacktgesichthokko Spanish: Pavón muitú

Crax fasciolata


, 1825,

state of Pará, Brazil


C. sclateri is a synonym. Has hybridized in captivity with C. alberti and members of genus Penelope. Described form C. estudilloi now known not to be a hybrid involving present species (see C. alberti). Taxon pinima formerly regarded as a race of present species, but here separated as a full species on basis of AMNH 6482, a female, being much smaller than female fasciolata (wing 295 vs mean 349 mm, tail 302 vs mean 347 mm; n=6 fasciolata) (expected score: 3), much darker above with greatly reduced barring (almost absent on undertail) (2) and much paler below, virtually whitish vs rusty-buff on belly (2). Race grayi also distinctive, especially in strength of buff barring on female’s upperparts, but individual variation of this taxon appears considerable. Proposed race xavieri, described from a male of captive origin having ochre flanks and upper thighs#R, now thought to be possibly based on individual with a plumage aberration. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. f. fasciolata Spix, 1825 – C & SW Brazil (S of R Amazon), Paraguay and N Argentina (in Formosa, Chaco, Corrientes and Misiones).
  • C. f. grayi Ogilvie-Grant, 1893 – E Bolivia (Beni and Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 77–85 cm, 2700–2800 g; female c. 75 cm, 2200–2700 g. This species and O. pinima are the only members of Crax with (black) bare skin... read more


    Song sometimes heard throughout the night, and then for first hour after sunrise, more... read more


    Humid evergreen, semi-deciduous and gallery forests, sometimes with bamboo, to at least 800 m.... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, usually fallen from trees and taken on the ground; also seeds, flowers and invertebrates; recorded feeding on flowers of a ... read more


    Chicks in Dec in Paraguay; nest with eggs in late Nov in Argentina; in Brazil, adults with young in Jul/Aug (Minas Gerais), Nov (S Mato... read more


    Non-migratory in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, and probably throughout range.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Extirpated from parts of former range due to habitat destruction and hunting. Race grayi said to occur in fairly good numbers in Bolivia in 1986.... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Bare-faced Curassow (Crax fasciolata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).