Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Least Concern

Bare-necked Fruitcrow (Gymnoderus foetidus)


French: Cotinga à col nu German: Nackthalskotinga Spanish: Cuellopelado

[Gracula] fœtida


, 1758,





Lowland forests of Amazonia and upper R Orinoco drainage, from SE Colombia (also extending N along base of Andes to W Meta), S Venezuela (Amazonas, W Bolívar) and the Guianas S to E Ecuador, E Peru, Brazil (E to R Tocantins drainage and S to S Mato Grosso, including upper R Paraguai drainage) and C Bolivia; in N, apparently absent from much of R Negro drainage.

Descriptive notes

Male 34–38 cm, 331–359 g; female 30–34 cm, 1 bird 220 g. Bill smaller, less stout and more flattened dorsoventrally than in other fruitcrows, legs and feet... read more


A deep bellowing “oooooooo” like a fog-horn, reminiscent of call of Cephalopterus... read more


Mainly forested banks of rivers and lakes, and seasonally flooded forest; to 500 m.

Food and feeding

Mainly fruit, including Oenocarpus, Cecropia and Euterpe, as well as arboreal melastome (perhaps Miconia... read more


Laying probably in Sept–Feb at S end of range, on basis of records of moult (presumably post-breeding) becoming progressively later... read more


Regularly moves in high-flying flocks, conspicuous when crossing wide rivers. Uncertain whether... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common along banks of major rivers of Amazonia, forming flocks of 20 or more; less numerous in Guianan region. Occurs in... read more

Recommended citation

Snow, D. & Bonan, A. (2019). Bare-necked Fruitcrow (Gymnoderus foetidus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).