Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)


Baudo Guan (Penelope ortoni)


French: Pénélope d’Orton German: Ortonguan Spanish: Pava de Orton

Penelope ortoni


, 1874,

Mindo, western slope of Pichincha, Ecuador


Has been considered a race of P. montagnii, but ranges contiguous, with overlap in W Ecuador and possibly also in SW Colombia, but without any trace of intergradation; possibly closest to P. marail. Monotypic.


W Colombia (from N Chocó S to Nariño) and W Ecuador (S to Pichincha, formerly to Guayas).

Descriptive notes

58–63 cm. Shy, long-tailed cracid. The only small Penelope without pale markings on head and wings. Rich brown with greyish-brown tinge to neck and head, bare... read more


Dawn call a far-carrying guttural, repeated bawling “waou”, while pairs warn each other... read more


Humid forests, mainly in upper tropical zone, usually up to 1500 m, W of Andes; thought to prefer... read more

Food and feeding

Very few data available, but now known to feed on relatively small-sized fruits like others of genus, probably taken largely in canopy and... read more


Virtually nothing known, although a female about lay was collected in SW Colombia in mid Aug and it has been suggested that the breeding... read more


No information available, but presumably sedentary, although in Colombia what have been assumed to... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered Near Threatened. Total population now estimated at 7000–21,000 individuals. Local but widespread in W Colombia, where known only from... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Baudo Guan (Penelope ortoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).