French: Paruline à poitrine baie German: Braunkehl-Waldsänger Spanish: Reinita castaña
S Canada (from SW Northwest Territories and NE British Columbia E to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia) and NE USA (NE Minnesota E to Maine and New Hampshire). Migrates to Central America and NW South America.
13–15 cm; 10·2–15·1 g. Male breeding has black forecrown and face, chestnut cap, large creamy-yellow patch on side of neck; upperparts grey with... read more
Two song types. Songs very high-pitched (but not so high as that of S. striata) and... read more
Breeds in open coniferous forests, especially those dominated by spruce (Picea) and balsam... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on insects and spiders (Araneae) in summer, specializing in taking spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana) larvae;... read more
Season late May to late Jul, egg-laying late May to early Jul. Nest a cup of fine twigs and grass, lined with rootlets and hair, placed 2... read more
Long-distance migrant. Leaves breeding grounds from mid-Aug and moves mostly S through Mississippi... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common, but numbers fluctuate in response to periodic outbreaks of spruce budworm. Longer-term declines may have occurred as a... read more
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