French: Panure à moustaches German: Bartmeise Spanish: Bigotudo
Other common names:
Europe = Holstein, north Germany
Subspecies and Distribution
P. b. biarmicus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – locally from Great Britain, France and S & E Spain E to S Norway, Denmark, S Sweden, S Finland, SW Russia, Balkans, W & S Turkey and, perhaps this race, Azerbaijan; non-breeding also S to Cyprus.
P. b. russicus
(C. L. Brehm, 1831) – S Lithuania, Poland and Belarus S to E Austria, NE Croatia, N Serbia and Montenegro, N & E Bulgaria and C Turkey, E to S Russia (S from L Chany, SW Siberia and Tarbagatay, and S of L Baikal), Kazakhstan, Mongolia and N & NE China (Xinjiang, N Qinghai, W & NE Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, NE Heilongjiang); non-breeding also N Iran (mainly Caspian coast), E China (N Hebei and SC Liaoning) and NE Afghanistan (may breed).
P. b. kosswigi
Kumerloeve, 1959 – #RS Turkey (area around Amik Gölü, where possibly extinct and, perhaps this race, in Göksu Delta)#R; presumably also this race in NW Syria#R.
14·5–17 cm; 11–20·8 g. The only sexually dimorphic parrotbill. Male nominate race has medium blue-grey or ash-grey forehead to nape, and sides of... read more
Male’s song “tschin-dschik-tschraa” or “ts’chin-dschik-tschraa... read more
Extensive reedbeds (Phragmites) and associated dense non-woody vegetation in and beside... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds mainly on invertebrates and their larvae in summer breeding season; vegetable matter in late autumn and winter. Summer diet includes... read more
Season late Mar to early Sept in W Palearctic; regularly 2–4 broods. Monogamous, but bigyny also reported. Nest built by both sexes,... read more
European populations mainly fairly sedentary, but subject to eruptive post-breeding and wintering... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Generally fairly common to common in places where established as a breeding species. Breeding numbers, however, may show regular annual fluctuations... read more
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