French: Gypaète barbu German: Bartgeier Spanish: Quebrantahuesos
Other common names: Lammergeier
Santa Cruz, near Oran, Algeria.
Subspecies and Distribution
G. b. barbatus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – NW Africa (mainly in High Atlas, Morocco) and SW Europe (Pyrenees, Corsica) through SE Europe (Balkan region, where almost extinct), Crete, Turkey, Caucasus, Egypt, Middle East (also in SW Arabia#R), Iran and Afghanistan to E Kazakhstan, Russian Altai, N & W Mongolia and NW China and, in S, to W Pakistan, Tibetan Plateau, Himalayas and C China. Reintroduced in the Alps (mainly S France).
G. b. meridionalis
Keyserling & J. H. Blasius, 1840 – locally in NE & E Africa, E South Africa and Lesotho.
94–125 cm; 4500–7100 g; wingspan 231–283 cm. Unmistakable large raptor with small beard of blackish feathers at base of bill, creamy-yellow irides, red eye... read more
Mostly silent. During displays gives shrill whistle and twittering, falcon-like “cheek-echeek-... read more
Mountain ranges with rugged topography and rocky sites at which species nests and breaks bones;... read more
Food and feeding
Diet unique among vertebrates in being dominated by bones, which make up 70–90% of all food. Prefers old bones to fresh ones, perhaps... read more
Early laying: Dec–Feb or early Mar in Europe, Asia and N Africa; May–Jul in South Africa. Usually monogamous, but polyandrous... read more
Largely sedentary (although with enormous home range) aside from natal-dispersal movements of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Since 1994, not considered globally threatened, but evidence of a moderately rapid population... read more
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