French: Bruant de Bell German: Salbeiammer Spanish: Chingolo de Bell
near Sonoma, California, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
A. b. belli
(Cassin, 1850) – Bell's Sparrow – California on W slopes of C Sierra Nevada (S to Mariposa County) and coastal ranges (from Trinity County and Shasta County) S to extreme NW Mexico (NW Baja California S to c. 29° N).
A. b. clementeae
(Ridgway, 1898) – San Clemente I, off SW California.
A. b. cinerea
(C. H. Townsend, 1890) – C Baja California (S to 26° N).
A. b. canescens
(Grinnell, 1905) – Saltbush Sparrow – interior SC California (S San Joaquin Valley, Inyo region, and S & W edges of Mojave Desert) and adjacent W Nevada; non-breeding also W to SW California, E to S Nevada and W Arizona, and S to NE Baja California.
13·7–15·7 cm; 12·7–16·8 g. A medium-sized sparrow, with long tail often held cocked. Nominate race has head and nape brownish-grey,... read more
Song described as “tweesitity-slip tweesitity-slip swer”. Call a short, bell-like... read more
Generally in dry chaparral and coastal sage scrub, inland valleys, and lower foothills.... read more
Food and feeding
Variety of animal and plant items. Generally seeds and other vegetable matter. Young fed with insects. Forages principally on or near... read more
Season late Mar to Jun (canescens), or mid-Apr to mid-May through early Jun (nominate). Probably monogamous. Singing and territory... read more
Far N populations of nominate race migratory; insular populations resident. Some nominate birds... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Classified as “Declining” in the USA (Yellow WatchList priority species for conservation). San Clemente race clementeae... read more
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