French: Épervier besra German: Besrasperber Spanish: Gavilán besra
Subspecies and Distribution
A. v. kashmiriensis
Whistler, 1936 – W Himalayan foothills from NE Pakistan and Kashmir E to N India (Uttarakhand).
A. v. affinis
Hodgson, 1836 – Nepal E to C & S China, S to Hainan and SE Asia.
A. v. fuscipectus
Mees, 1970 – mountains of Taiwan.
A. v. besra
Jerdon, 1839 – SW India and Sri Lanka; probably also SE India.
A. v. abdulalii
Mees, 1981 – Andaman Is, and possibly Nicobar Is.
A. v. confusus
E. J. O. Hartert, 1910 – N & C Philippines (Luzon, Catanduanes, Mindoro, Panay, Negros).
A. v. quagga#R
Parkes, 1973 – SE Philippines (Samar, Biliran, Leyte, Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Mindanao).
A. v. rufotibialis
Sharpe, 1887 – N Borneo.
A. v. vanbemmeli
Voous, 1950 – Sumatra.
A. v. virgatus
(Temminck, 1822) – Java and Bali.
A. v. quinquefasciatus
Mees, 1984 – Flores (Lesser Sundas).
24–36 cm; males 83–99 g (confusus) and 100–140 g (affinis), females 131–140 g (confusus) and 190–215 g (affinis... read more
Loud “ki-weeer” and rapid series of “tchew-tchew-tchew” notes; latter may refer to food-begging... read more
Wide variety of forests, including moist deciduous and evergreen montane forest, secondary forest,... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly birds, but also insects and lizards. Feeds like typical sparrowhawk, with quick agile chase of birds launched from inconspicuous... read more
Season varies extensively with wide range: Jan–Jun in S India and Sri Lanka; Mar–Jun in N India; May–Sept in Borneo; Mar... read more
Mainly sedentary, but some birds from N India and Nepal may move down onto plains in winter.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Generally considered uncommon throughout extensive range but probably overlooked given its unobtrusive behaviour when not... read more
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