Family Thrushes (Turdidae)


Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli)


French: Grive de Bicknell German: Bicknellmusendrossel Spanish: Zorzalito de Bicknell

Hylocichla aliciae bicknelli


, 1882,

near the summit of Slide Mountain, Ulster County, New York, USA


In the past placed in genus Hylocichla. Formerly treated as a race of C. minimus; see that species. Monotypic.


Locally in E Canada (E Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick) and NE USA (E New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine); non-breeding mainly Hispaniola, also E Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 26–33 g. Olive-brown above, in S of range more tawny-brown; dull whitish below, with greyish-brown face, indistinct pale eyering, mid-brown malar... read more


Song, by male from exposed or hidden perch usually high in tree, late May to end Jun, very similar... read more


Breeds in dense montane forests of balsam fir (Abies balsamae), also with red spruce (... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates, almost entirely insects, throughout year, but supplemented in autumn and winter by fruit and berries. Key foods in breeding... read more


Jun–Aug; one documented case of two broods. Male not territorial, several males may call and sing in same area, but female apparently... read more


Long-distance nocturnal migrant, travelling E of Appalachians in both directions. Details of... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CMS Appendix II. Global population assessed at 21,000–53,000 mature individuals, of which 20,000–50,000 in USA and 1000–3000 in Maritime... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2020). Bicknell's Thrush (Catharus bicknelli). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).