Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

Bimaculated Lark (Melanocorypha bimaculata)


French: Alouette monticole German: Bergkalanderlerche Spanish: Calandria bimaculada

Alauda bimaculata


, 1832,

mountains near Talysh (= Talyshskiye Goro), on Azerbaijan–Iran border


Geographical variation slight; rufous-tinged birds from Turkey described as race rufescens and paler ones from E Iran and Afghanistan as torquata, but neither very distinct. Monotypic.


WC Turkey E to Armenia, S Azerbaijan and W & S Iran and, E of Caspian Sea, to SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, NE Iran and N Afghanistan; also isolated populations in Lebanon, N Israel, W Syria and N Iraq; occasional breeding in E Arabia#R. Winters in NE Africa and N Arabia E to Pakistan and NW India.

Descriptive notes

17–18 cm; 47–62 g. Large, fairly robust lark with deep-based heavy bill, rather long wings, short tail. Has prominent whitish supercilium, distinct dark loral... read more


Song, in flight, less often from ground or low perch, a protracted fast twittering, like that of... read more


Open habitats; generally stonier and less grassy terrain and, when breeding, in more mountainous or... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates and seeds. Invertebrates include adults and non-adults (eggs, larvae, pupae) of orthopterans, termites (Isoptera), bugs (... read more


Season late Mar/early Apr to mid-Aug; sometimes two broods. Male song flight in irregular “circles” at low height, with rather slow,... read more


Migratory; possible resident in parts of extreme S of range. Winters mainly in CE Sudan, N & NE... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common; scarce to rare in parts of range. Widespread and locally common to very common in Armenia; in Azerbaijan, uncommon to common... read more

Recommended citation

Alström, P. (2020). Bimaculated Lark (Melanocorypha bimaculata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).