French: Alouette monticole German: Bergkalanderlerche Spanish: Calandria bimaculada
mountains near Talysh (= Talyshskiye Goro), on Azerbaijan–Iran border
WC Turkey E to Armenia, S Azerbaijan and W & S Iran and, E of Caspian Sea, to SE Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, NE Iran and N Afghanistan; also isolated populations in Lebanon, N Israel, W Syria and N Iraq; occasional breeding in E Arabia#R. Winters in NE Africa and N Arabia E to Pakistan and NW India.
17–18 cm; 47–62 g. Large, fairly robust lark with deep-based heavy bill, rather long wings, short tail. Has prominent whitish supercilium, distinct dark loral... read more
Song, in flight, less often from ground or low perch, a protracted fast twittering, like that of... read more
Open habitats; generally stonier and less grassy terrain and, when breeding, in more mountainous or... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates and seeds. Invertebrates include adults and non-adults (eggs, larvae, pupae) of orthopterans, termites (Isoptera), bugs (... read more
Season late Mar/early Apr to mid-Aug; sometimes two broods. Male song flight in irregular “circles” at low height, with rather slow,... read more
Migratory; possible resident in parts of extreme S of range. Winters mainly in CE Sudan, N & NE... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common; scarce to rare in parts of range. Widespread and locally common to very common in Armenia; in Azerbaijan, uncommon to common... read more
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