Family Old World Orioles (Oriolidae)

Least Concern

Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus consanguineus)


Taxonomy

French: Loriot de Ramsay German: Rotbrustpirol Spanish: Oropéndola consanguínea
Taxonomy:

Analcipus consanguineus

Wardlaw-Ramsay

, 1881,

Sumatra

.

Hitherto considered conspecific with O. cruentus, but nominate race and malayanus differ in their broader crimson breast patch (2); more extensive crimson wing patch (2); all-black vs male-like females (3); and green-glossed black vs deep velvety matt black upperparts and breast (ns[2]). Race vulneratus differs in its broader crimson breast patch (2); more extensive crimson wing patch (2); green-glossed black vs deep velvety matt black upperparts and breast (2); somewhat smaller size, most apparent in its shorter tail (effect size −1.19, score 1); and markedly different call #R (at least 2). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • O. c. malayanus Robinson & Kloss, 1923 – Peninsular Malaysia.
  • O. c. consanguineus (Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1881) – mainland Sumatra.
  • O. c. vulneratus Sharpe, 1887 – N & C Borneo.
  • Descriptive notes

    21–24 cm. Adult male nominate race has large square crimson breast patch and almost entirely crimson primary-coverts within otherwise glossy green black plumage; iris brown,... read more

    Voice

    A short melodious call and harder “kek kreo, kreo kek”, but the commonest vocalization given by all... read more

    Habitat

    Broadleaf evergreen forest, moss forest and forest edge, especially in creeper-covered trees; on... read more

    Food and feeding

    Berries and fruits, e.g. of Melastomataceae and figs (Ficus vasculosa), also insects, e.g. beetle larvae (Coleoptera), termites (... read more

    Breeding

    Birds in breeding condition in Feb and Jul and evidence of breeding Mar and Jun–Aug in Peninsular Malaysia, nestlings in Jun on Sumatra,... read more

    Movements

    Presumed sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common in parts of its range, estimated to cover c. 2,070,000 km². Range recently extended further S in Kalimantan... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Black-and-crimson Oriole (Oriolus consanguineus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/1343745 on 21 January 2019).