Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Vulnerable

Black-and-tawny Seedeater (Sporophila nigrorufa)


Taxonomy

French: Sporophile noir et roux German: Schwarzmantelspelzer Spanish: Semillero rojinegro
Taxonomy:

Pyrrhula nigro-rufa

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Chiquitos, Bolivia

.

Presumed most closely related to S. bouvreuil, as part of the S clade of “capped” seedeaters (see S. castaneiventris, above). Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Bolivia (E Santa Cruz; recently also Llanos de Moxos, in NE Beni) and SW Brazil (W Mato Grosso and, possibly, Mato Grosso do Sul#R).

Descriptive notes

10 cm. A typically shaped seedeater, small in size, and with thick, stout but short bill with rounded culmen. Male has well set-off black cap reaching to just below level of... read more

Voice

Song a pleasant series of whistles, more resonating than songs of most other members of clade and... read more

Habitat

Grassy cerrado habitats, also tall-grass areas near water, open savanna; sea-level to 500... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Feeds on grass seeds. Forages while clinging to grass stem at heights of 0·5–1·5 m above ground, extracting seeds from... read more

Breeding

No information.

Movements

Appears to be migratory. Exhibits classic austral migration pattern: present E Bolivia (Noel Kempff... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Rare and local. A very poorly known species. After initial description, in 1830s, this species disappeared until 1979, when rediscovered in Brazil. Known from... read more

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. & Sharpe, C.J. (2017). Black-and-tawny Seedeater (Sporophila nigrorufa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62127 on 25 November 2017).